Fruits of Bona Fide: Bananas

By: Farah Motani, Education & Volunteer Coordinator

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One of the biggest eye openers for me coming to Bona Fide was learning about bananas (musa acuminata). Who knew that the seemingly simple fruit has such a big story to tell? What initially blew my mind was that banana plants only fruit once (yes, once!) in their lifetime. They are actually an herb that grows a baby sucker out of the main stem to produce another plant that will fruit within a year. Here at Bona Fide, we trim down the main stem which has a lot of water and nutrients to mulch around other plants. Another interesting fact I found out was that the world’s two largest banana companies, Dole and Chiquita, started refrigeration on boats, built cities and railway systems and invented radio communication strategies and cruise ships just to transport bananas from Central and South America to North America. That definitely made me think twice about why this tropical fruit, which is more popular to eat in North America than locally grown apples is so affordable, accessible, and reliable in places far from where they grow.

That being said, here at Bona Fide we are immersed in banana season which has provided for many great farm fresh snacks like bananas with cinnamon, gluten free pancakes, hash browns and even fries. Bananas contain lots of fiber, and many vitamins and antioxidants that assist with moderating blood sugar levels and aiding with digestion, heart and kidney health which make them the perfect fruit to munch on.


Interestingly, the first bananas found were inedible due to seeds in the fruit, but evolved over time to what we are used to now. In North America, we only have access to one of the thousands of types of bananas (Cavendish) but at Bona Fide we have the perfect environment to grow eight other varieties, including one of the best tasting bananas I have ever tried – the banano manzana, or apple banana, which actually tastes like an apple! Banana season has definitely been an abundant one, and looking forward to many more months of this amazing fruit!

A Day in the Life: Mona Krenbauer

By: Mona Krenbauer, Field Coordinator

IMG-20170604-WA0005Hallo, Hola, and Hello! Soy Mona de la Finca Bona Fide…

Hey everyone – I’m Mona from Germany, and I spent my last seven months on this beautiful farm on Ometepe island (and will continue living in this unbelievable fantasy).

When I arrived to Nicaragua in October, I came straight to Bona Fide to start an internship. My first month involved completing an intensive in each section of the farm (garden, nursery, field, chickens and kitchen) where I then decided that my attention would be on the agroforestry system, in the field, working everyday side by side with Kiore and Levis.

A typical morning starts off cuddling with my puppies Chaska and Moxly until it’s time for the first shower of the day. On my way to the showers I say ‘hello’ to my private monkey friend who is hanging out on the same tree every day, I cross cinnamon trees, mandarins, sometimes army ants or toads, and some Araza plants. My eyes are all over the place checking out if the possibility of picking my own avocado is higher than the day I eat Akee without dying. After my shower before I go out to the workers at around 7am, I give Mister Noor his daily body shake and my best buddy Layla gets a kiss on her nose.

Every morning we have a volunteer meeting and I still participate even though it is pretty clear where I work – en el campo, siempre. You never really know what is going on in the field, except if it’s dry season. Dry season is bucket watering season, the season when you finally learn all the names of the plants you pick fruit from, plants you see every day, plants you might love, plants you might hate while watering. But still, I loved it.

The work is always different but it mainly means using a machete, (I’m a boss in it… not), I spent hours of weeding with a machete, days on pruning different fruit trees, hundreds and hundreds of hits to fall and chop down trees. Sometimes you can say by the end of the day, that you just planted 52 acacia amarillas, and you will know what kind of plant it is, why we plant it in this massive amount and what you can use it for.


We only take an hour break from work for our amazing farm breakfast, if I’m lucky, Paula has made some pancakes!! During breakfast I feed my farm pups, hang out with the workers and volunteers, or just digest, drink tea and check the World Wide Web. After finishing work at 12 for my 2nd shower and lunch, I wash my hands, take off my dirty boots, grab a plate, eat and hang out in the kitchen. I share my time, my smile and my conversation with Marina, the head of the kitchen and my friend.

Depending on the day, I fill my afternoons with a variety of activities.  Spanish classes, cacao ceremonies on Wednesdays, and sometimes yoga or just reading, researching or napping in one of the hammocks. Now, a coordinator, I spend my afternoons with some computer work, university applications, farm field updates, farm-fruit-harvest check or I rest for a little bit and then take my “a-girls-best-buddy” Layla for a walk to town, to go watch a soccer game, hang out at my favorite spot by the lake, go to Café Campestre for humus con pan y vinagre de balsamico por favor or go to Las Peñitas to play pool/billiard with friends or the owner Carlos.

I usually come back for dinner time, to see the sunset in the fields at around 6pm. The evening is made to be our chill time, to chat with volunteers/friends, to watch a movie together, to play or to just go to bed, like a grandma  at 8pm. I take my baby girl Layla, my puppies, and go to my room to read, to learn some Spanish, to listen to some music and then to sleep. If I’m lucky the howler monkeys, frogs, and the heavy tropical thunder and lightning storms are not too loud as I fall asleep surrounded by millions of fireflies.

Gute Nacht, Buenas Noches and Good Night everybody!

Updates from the Field: January 2016

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The high-lows of wet season: lush landscapes, abundant fruit and flowers, cooler evenings, biblical thunderstorms, knee-deep mud, moldy clothing, and all. Fall was full of hard work in the annual fields, an ever-growing appreciation for the lush diversity of this place, advances in projects both old and new, a close-knit family of volunteers, interns, and student groups, and an utter captivation in how quickly things have the capacity to evolve in this environment. We had more than 40 volunteers pass through our farm this season. Some staying only a couple weeks, and others making this place their home for a few months. We hosted 3 student-groups from gap-year education programs, Carpe Diem and Leap Now, which always have the capacity to re-invigorate life and work on the farm through the increase in numbers and upbeat energy of the programs.

For a brief while we basked in the beats of a farm-grown band, Tin Roof & the Corner Kids, whose albums may never be shelved, but whose memories will live on for quite some while. Being the tail-end of the planting season in this region, our fall also saw big pushes to get our annual fields planted. We filled 5 of our annual fields, estilo alley cropping, with Sorghum, a drought- and heat-tolerant grain that is especially important in food security conversations in arid and drought-susceptible regions. It’s also the star ingredient in farm fresh banana pancakes! We also planted fields full of Quequisque, a local variety of Taro, that produces a pink, potato-like, and absolutely delicious veg.

In just this last months, we’ve seen a huge shift in the climate and it’s clear the dry season is upon us. The air is drier, nights are cooler, and we haven’t seen rain in weeks. Drier weather also means an up-kick in tourism on the island and we’ve shot up from a solid 7 to a steady 25 people on site. As our numbers rise, we’ve been kicking ass in the fields, clearing land for new structures, and getting creative with farm-decor. Bananas are coming into abundance once again, grapefruits are ripening on the tree, and fresh-squeezed limeade is a daily treat. We’ve officially reverted back to one of our favorite farm fitness activities- BUCKET WATERING! Aka sharing lots of labor-fueled love with small trees and plants in zone 1 of our farm. We’re also less than 2 weeks out from our 11th annual Permaculture Design Course.

Project Update: Farm-to-Clinic trials its first farm-made medicines!

While the land below continues to be planted and cared for, our Natural Medicine Intern, Lynda Lawrence, has been working hard to process medicines from our farm’s bounty. On site at Project Bona Fide, we have always put an emphasis on and held workshops and courses in natural medicine. With the initiation of the Farm-to-Clinic project we’ve begun a trial of more fresh-from-the-farm potions and give bi-weekly workshops in natural medicine to educate our on-site community about the power and uses of the herbs all around us.

The workshops include an overview of natural medicine and results and the making of one’s own tincture. Tinctures are liquid extracts that are taken orally by mouth. They are most often extracted by alcohol. Alcoholic tinctures are a combination of plant matter and alcohol with an ethanol percentage of at least 25-60%. In our first batch of medical-grade tinctures, we’ve sourced our alcohol from a local supplier located just outside of Managua. The tinctures are sealed in an air-tight container (reused Flor de Caña bottles in this particular case) and allowed to sit for at least one month so that the medicinal properties can be extracted into the alcohol. The tincture dosage normally entails a few drops beneath the tongue 2-3 times per day.

Lynda, Project Bona Fide’s first natural medicine intern, has also been working in Natural Doctors International (NDI)’s Integrative Healthcare clinic in Los Angeles, Ometepe, once a week to observe their needs and where Project Bona Fide can continue to plug in as the project expands. Just last weekend, she gathered a bunch of Bona Fide volunteers and headed out to the clinic to build their first herbal garden bed. We used abandoned Spanish tiles to make the raised bed and planted it full of lemongrass, aloe, chile, basil (criolla, lemon, and holy), vetiver, and nopal. The bed will be used for demonstration purposes and for patient treatment at the clinic. We are looking forward to continuing to collaborate with the clinic, trial our farm-made medicines, and educate individuals on the power of plants!

Infrastructural Updates: Tent platforms, aula crash pad, upcycled houseplants, new signage, etc.

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Due to low occupancy and its relevant distance, we’ve lost our coconut alley dorm to a war-on-termites. It was quite the loss for a high occupancy wet season, but we made due with turning our aula (classroom) into a temporary crash pad. We added hammocks and built some new bamboo beds that housed volunteers and student groups when our numbers were high. While the aula crash pad made for increased sleeping spaces, a mega-bed movie theater, and additional seating for workshops and Friday meetings, we certainly missed having its wide-open space for yoga and the like. Having entered into the dry season, the ideal time for construction projects, we’ve cleared land for a new tent/bamboo bed platform off the pathway towards the Loveshack, where the single-space tent platform was located before. It should be finished in just a few weeks and will be able to house 6-8 people!

One of our long-term volunteers, Grace Dennis, has been on a succulent house decor binge for the last few weeks, improving ambience and table settings, and also making good-use of discarded bottles and cans. A huge fan of succulents, she’s been utilizing the nopal, aloe vera, and espíritu santo found on site (pictured below). Another couple of long-term volunteers took on making a new garden bed located right next to the kitchen for easy access. Full of rosemary, lemongrass, tropical oregano, oregano menudo, and long beans, it’ll be ready for pickin’ in just a month or two more! The potential for projects is endless on site and we’ve been truly lucky these past months to have had volunteers who are really psyched to go above and beyond to get involved in the farm.

It also came to our attention this month that the sign at the bottom of the property has broken in half. We apologize to anyone and everyone who has had a harder time at finding our farm entrance. We have a newly painted sign, thanks to the Rousseau sisters, that just needs a few more weeks of paint drying before it’ll be nailed up down below. There are also new signs on the property differentiating trails that lead to private property from those that lead to the farm kitchen… another improvement we hope will help get visitors where they need to go!

Plant Power: Andrographis

Androphraphis (Andrographis paniculata) is an annual herbaceous plant in the Acanthaceae family. Native to India and Sri Lanka, it is widely cultivated in southern and southeastern asia where its traditional usage is to treat infections and disease. The herb grows erect to a height of 30-11 cm and has a slender, dark green stem and lance-shaped leaves. The herb is extremely bitter to taste and is referred to as Maha-tita, “the king of bitters” in parts of India. As an Ayurveda herb, it is known as Kalmeg or Kalamegha, meaning “dark cloud”. The herb has a number of reported medicinal usage for treating symptoms of upper respiratory infection, ulcerative colitis, and rheumatic symptoms and has primarily been studied to support immune system health by supporting healthy levels of immune cells in the blood. On-site it’s been successful in its treatment of bacterial infections and parasites. Due to its strong medicinal quality and its treatment of common gut infections, it is one of the 2 plants we’ve begun propagating on the medicinal land. Through one of our on-site medicinal workshops we produced our first batch of Andrographis tinctures which we’re already using on site and in the clinic. While it isn’t the tastiest of herbs, it does do the trick! 

A Day in the Life: Lynda Lawrence, Natural Medicine Intern:

DSC079805:30- I wake up in my hammock in the Aula by a combination of our farm dog, Leila, squealing and licking my face and the soft growl of howler monkeys in the nearby trees. I quickly throw on whatever cleanish clothes I can find as I am greeted by Noor, Leila’s brother who walks me to the Aula every night and sleeps on a yoga mat next to my hammock. Then, with unbrushed hair and sleepy eyes, the puppies race me to the kitchen to start the fuego for my morning coffee from our head cook’s farm, so yum.

6:30- Coffee in tow, I settle myself into the hand built cob bench in the kitchen reading my latest books about natural health and wait for my co-volunteers to settle in and fill me in about some scary creature they encountered the night before.

As the sun seeps in the kitchen, I help Paula in the kitchen to make my early breakfast as I will be headed to the clinic for the day and need to catch the early bus. The clinic is run by a naturopathic doctor from Portland, Oregon who moved to the island two years ago with his family.

7:30- Paula prepares me a plate of her amazing gallo pinto, maduras, huevo frito and an assortment of fresh fruit. She sends me off with a tupperware of goodies for lunch and I’m ready to embark! I leave from the back gate and try to escape without the puppies seeing me so they don’t follow me to town.

8:30- Over the river and through the rice fields, I arrive at the bus stop. I patiently wait for the bus with a perfect view of people watching. An array of pigs, dogs, and chickens stroll by looking for scraps while parents walk their children to school.

As I hear honking in the distance, I spring up because I know the bus is coming. It rolls up decked out in bright colors, tassels, shiny rims, loud reggaeton and the name “Priscilla” across the windshield accompanied by a Jesus decal. The bus barely slows down as the money collector holds out his hand and pulls me into the bus- I’m on! The bus is filled with people, children, farm tools and a large TV with a reggaeton music video playing. The bus takes us through the island with a beautiful view of playa Santo Domingo , lush green forests, and endless banana trees. People come and go and finally I arrive in Los Angeles where I have to yell “Espera!” as I push my way through the bus and the money collector once again makes sure I don’t just fall off the bus (which has happened).

9:45- I walk down the street of the clinic accompanied by a parade of cows. I enter the colorful clinic where Dawson is talking to a patient. After an exchange of “holas” I head to the back of the clinic and I enter the magical world of herbal medicine complete with every book I could ever imagine reading on natural health and herbs. My day includes researching usage of herbs for recurring ailments, helping translate Spanish and occasionally giving 84 year old women massages. Being “la ayudante” I have learned so much about health in general and how much lifestyle plays into it. It’s been really interesting to see how the culture of Ometepe plays into their health and how to effectively help them change their lifestyles for better health.

3:30- I say my goodbyes to Dawson and run to catch the bus. I pass the cows and stop at the pulpería for some chocolate milk in a bag. It may sound unappealing but when you are tired, sweaty and waitIng for a while it is absolutely refreshing. I hear honking in the distance and in rolls ” Vanessa”. The bus slows and a hand from the back of the bus extends and I hop up into the sea of people crammed into the bus.

The bus takes us through the banana tree forests with stunning views of volcan concepcion and Maderas that remain breathtaking no matter how many times I’ve done the drive. I watch the sun set behind Maderas and The entire sky turns a pink that contrasts the green landscape under it.

5:30- I arrive in Balgüe just as it’s getting dark and I hurry off the bus to get home. On my way through the forest I run into at least 5 people I know. I see Marina, our head cook, who is sitting in her front yard with her daughters enjoying the last seconds of sun. I get home in time for a dark cold shower and a homage meal cooked by my co volunteers. We end the day telling stories from our day and making bracelets under our solar lights. Buenas  noches.


Inspiration: “Our bodies are not distinct from the bodies of plants and animals, with which we are involved in the cycles of feeding and the intricate companionships of ecological systems and of the spirit. They are not distinct from the earth, the sun and moon, and the other heavenly bodies. It is therefore absurd to approach the subject of health piecemeal with a departmentalized band of specialists. A medical doctor uninterested in nutrition, in agriculture, in the wholesomeness of mind and spirit is as absurd as a farmer who is uninterested in health. Our fragmentation of this subject cannot be our cure, because it is our disease.” Wendell Berry

Copyright © Project Bona Fide 2015